Curriculum Information—Basic & Advanced
Creating a Training ProgramThe appropriate length and breadth of a skin care program depends centrally on a schoolís goals and objectives, as well as on the requirements set by your state for esthetician licensure. Because many states specify a requirement of 600 hours for esthetician licensure, this has emerged as the most common program length.
ASCP endorses the Basic 600-Hour Job Task Analysis and the Advanced 600-Hour Job Task Analysis as set forth by National Coalition of Estheticians, Manufacturers/Distributors & Associations (NCEA). NCEA is a group comprised of skin care educators, leaders in skin care product manufacturing and distributing, medical/day spa professionals, individual esthetician members, and skin care associations, including ASCP. For more information on NCEA, visit their website at www.ncea.tv.
ASCP believes the exact number of hours dedicated to each subject in order to accomplish these tasks varies based on each schoolís philosophy and expertise. Consequently, the tasks listed for each curriculum do not denote hours, which allows administrators the autonomy to allocate extended hours to certain subjects as they see fit, and/or include topics the state requires or that the school believes will benefit students. In addition, many institutions integrate a portion of each of these subjects into every class.
Basic NCEA Esthetician 600-Hour Job Task AnalysisThe NCEA Basic-600 Hour Job Task Analysis represents the practical and theoretical knowledge that an esthetician needs to work in todayís skin care industry. These tasks, if implemented in your state, will work towards national endorsement, the ability for a licensed esthetician in one state, to move to another and be able to commence working. It is the NCEAís position that national endorsement will improve the level of training and allow licensed estheticians to move and work more easily across the country.
All state boards, schools, and estheticians are urged to review and incorporate these tasks. States should update rules and regulations; schools should update their curriculum, and for those estheticians already licensed, seek the necessary training and education to meet these basic job tasks.
Advanced NCEA Esthetician 600-Hour Job Task AnalysisThe NCEA Advanced 600 Hour Job Task Analysis is designed to be taken after completing the Basic 600 Hour course. There is currently one state, Utah, that offers a two-tier licensing system. It is the position of the NCEA that states evaluate their esthetician licensing programs, and consider a second-tier Master Esthetician license that should include the esthetician job tasks outlined below. These tasks are in the opinion of the NCEA, what is required of an esthetician in todayís skin care industry.
1. Skin Sciences
A. Skin Histology
C. Dermatological Disorders and Terminology
D. Health and Lifestyle
E. Skin Conditions
F. Classification Systems (Fitzpatrick, Glougau)
2. Professional Skin Treatments for Face and Body
G. Body Treatment
H. Cellulite Treatment
J. Electrical Muscle Stimulation
K. Water Treatments
3. Hair Removal or Permanent Hair Reduction*
A. Laser Light Therapy
4. Medical Professional Interaction
A. Pre and Post Op Care, Modalities to Enhance Outcome
B. Medically Treated Conditions
C. Prescription Drugs/Over-the-Counter (OTCs)
D. Medical Terminology
E. Definitions of professionals and associations (trade shows and trade publications)
F. Additional Safety Considerations for Advanced Modalities
G. Cosmetic Procedures
A. Sales and Marketing
* Basic Theoretical Knowledge
Student ClinicsStudent clinics are an important part of student training. The school benefits from increasing their presence in the community and attracting potential students. Students benefit from experiencing face-to-face contact with the public, building professional relationships that may follow them after graduation, and by becoming comfortable recommending home care and retail products.
There are a variety of ways to set up and run a student clinic. The two most common methods are:
Creating a School Retail StoreIf your school has enough space, you may want to consider creating a retail store where students and clinic clients can purchase products and other merchandise. Before you begin, youíll likely need to obtain a retail sales license and tax number. This process varies by city and state, so check with your state revenue department for details.
When conceptualizing a retail store, itís important to clearly determine what you want to achieve with your store. Are you planning to only serve your students, or are you hoping to attract the public and bring them into your school? Will the store provide only class materials and skin care-related products, or will you incorporate gift items, clothing, and school memorabilia?
If the intention of the store is to serve students only, then it should be relatively easy to set it up to carry the supplies and products needed for classroom instruction and the necessary items for students to start their practice. If you want to attract the public or the clients that come to your student clinic, you may want to add some novelty items and gift items.
Some items you may want to consider, in addition to the product line(s) your school uses for skin care, are appointment books, bath salts, compact discs with spa-type music, cuticle care products, essential oils, eye masks, herbal tea, incense, journals, juice and bottled water, neck pillows, pumice stones, and wind chimes. If your school carries only one product line, you may consider adding another line to your store to expand the studentsí knowledge base and experience with other products and ingredients.
In addition to the initial set-up of the store, another consideration is the ongoing maintenance of the store. A student(s) or staff member(s) should be put in charge of keeping the store clean and orderly, and tracking inventory/sales. You will want to make sure you keep the most popular items well stocked, and keep track of those that are not selling.