The Science of CoolSculpting

Cryolipolysis is a non-invasive procedure that involves the cooling of body fat to break down fat cells. Also known as "fat freezing" or by the household name CoolSculpting, it results in a reduction of body fat without damage to other surrounding tissues. Since adipose tissue is more responsive to temperature changes than skin, the frozen fat cells break down and leave the skin unharmed 1. CoolSculpting is FDA-approved for the chin, arms, back fat, flanks, stomach, outer thighs, and inner thighs.

CoolSculpting was inspired and developed by scientists who observed that children who frequently ate popsicles experienced fat deterioration in their cheeks.  It was noted that the cold popsicles were freezing pockets of fat 2.

During a cryolipolysis procedure, an applicator of the appropriate size is placed on the skin to suction it up into contact with the cooling panels. The client will feel a cold sensation that gradually turns to a numbing sensation – like holding ice in your bare hands for an extended period. While the fat cells freeze and are destroyed, the surrounding skin is spared from injury. The applicator is applied to the skin for up to 1 hour and the results can take up to several months to see. Up to 25% of the targeted fat can be reduced with several treatments 2.

For more information, ASCP members can watch the "Science of CoolSculpting" video in our members-only video education library. This is just a small taste of one of the many online educational videos ASCP members have on-demand access to 24/7. ASCP’s videos are designed to provide top-notch education and support to licensed estheticians across the country. Not an ASCP member yet? Join today!

Are you performing body contouring procedures?

Body contouring insurance is available for ASCP members who are certified or trained in advanced esthetic services such as CoolSculpting, radio frequency, and ultrasound cavitation for fat reduction and skin tightening. Now is the perfect time to reflect on how you can improve your business and make sure you're covered! Learn more about ASCP's Advanced Modality Insurance (AMI) coverage options today.


1. American Society for Dermatologic Surgery. (2019, November 22). Cryolipolysis. Retrieved from
2. Taylor, E. (2019, September 17). How to Shrink, Shape and Elevate Your Jawline, According to the Pros. Retrieved from NewBeauty:

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